When you get a mortgage, you will need to pay closing costs. Closing costs are fees charged by the lender and third parties that are related to your home purchase. In most cases, closing costs are paid at closing by the buyer instead of the seller. With some loans, such as a VA loan, the seller is able to pay a portion of the costs. In some cases, closing costs may be rolled into the mortgage as well.
Closing costs are, on average, 1-3% of the purchase price of the home.
When you apply for a mortgage, your lender will give you a Loan Estimate, which estimates closing costs on the purchase of the home. This estimate may change by up to 10% before the loan closes. Always compare the Loan Estimate to the HUD-1 settlement statement you will receive at closing to compare closing costs. While many fees can legally change by up to a 10% tolerance, some fees have no tolerance and cannot be changed at all.
If the closing costs come in over the allowable tolerance, the lender will be forced to pay for them out of pocket. Keep in mind many closing costs are also negotiable with the lender, so watch for any fees that are unreasonably high.
Closing costs will vary depending on where you live and the home you buy. Common fees in closing costs include:
Many closing costs go to a third party, not the lender, so the lender will have no control over the following fees.
An appraisal is necessary to determine the fair value of a home, and it is typically required by the lender before approving the loan. This is done to ensure the mortgage is not more than the home's value.
Credit report ($25-$35)
The lender will check your credit report before approving you for a mortgage to review your borrowing history. This fee will go to the credit reporting agency, whether it is Experian, Equifax or TransUnion.
Settlement/Escrow fee ($300-$2000+)
This will be paid to the title or escrow company that closes the transaction and is based on either the sales price if it's a purchase transaction or the loan balance if it's a refinance.
Title search ($150-$400)
This fee is paid to the title company to search property records of the home. The company will check court records, property indexes, prior deeds and more to make sure there are no issues with you taking ownership of the home.
Survey fee ($150-$400)
A survey fee may be necessary to verify boundary lines for the property.
Notary fee ($150-200)
This is the cost of a mobile notary to notarized signed loan documents at your preferred location (often your home or place of business).
Title insurance ($350-$1000+)
The cost of a Lender's Policy of title insurance is based on the loan amount and protects the lender by assuring the mortgage is a valid lien and you own the home.